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Liberalism (liberalism) derives the word liberal from Lipper liber, a Latin word meaning free. Liberalism is the doctrine or the socio-political awareness within the community, aimed at freeing the individual and group levels of the three authoritarian constraints (political, economic and cultural), which was moving in line with ethics and values espoused by the society in which adapted to the circumstances of each liberal society, and differ from one society to Western liberal society east of the governor. More liberal view of political and economic together in politics means that philosophy which is based on individual independence and commitment to personal freedoms and the protection of political and civil liberties and support systems of parliamentary democracy and social reforms. s Main vein in the liberal philosophy is that the individual is the basis, as the object of concrete human beings away from abstractions and theories , and this revolves around the individual and the whole philosophy of life, and from the values that define both thought and behavior. Humans come into life as free individuals have the right to life first. Have the right to life, liberty and the rights associated with the rest of the stem: the right choice, meaning the right to life as it pleases the individual, not as it pleases him, the right of self-expression by various means, the right to search for the meaning of life according to his convictions not by what is imposed or dictated. Briefly speaking, liberalism does not mean more than the individual s right to live free choice in the entire world of the certificate, and ordered him to the unseen world is up in the end to the world of the unseen and the certificate. Freedom and choice are the cornerstone of liberal philosophy, we do not find a contradiction here between the different-strategists no matter how different their results after the stone, whether we are talking about Hobbes, Locke and Bentham or others. Hobbes had an authoritarian political tendency, his social philosophy, and even the political authoritarianism that was seen, emerged from the right of freedom and choice. Locke was a democratic tendency, but it also stems from the right of freedom and choice. Bentham and the utilitarian tendency, but it was also stems from a reading of the motives of human behavior (individual) first, and the freedom and choice are the end result. In the relationship between liberalism and morality, or liberalism and religion, the liberal does not care about individual behavior as long as it is not out of his inner circle of the rights and freedoms, but strict outside that framework. To be morally decadent, this is your business. However, that the moral Ptvschk hurt others, such as getting drunk and driving a car or assaulting a girl in the street, for example, then it is no longer your business. And to be religious or atheist, this is also your business.
The principles of liberalism
The liberal individualistic faith based on the freedom of thought, tolerance and respect for human dignity and ensure their right to life and equality as the basis for a platform for cooperation and respect for individuals and guarantee their freedom and there is no role for the state in social relations or economic activities except in the case of prejudice to the interests of the individual and the community.
The liberal and also of the rule of the people through universal suffrage and to express the will of the people and get rid of corruption in society and respect the principle of separation of powers between the legislative and judicial, executive and subject these powers to be modified to ensure that individual freedoms and to limit the privileges private and refused to exercise sovereignty beyond the institutions to these institutions reflect the will of the people of the whole